Top 5 IoT Security Tips

By 2017, more than 6.4 billion Internet of Things devices were in use worldwide. By all predictions, this number stands to increase greatly in the future. People tend to use the Internet of things more and more in their lives. Even though the Internet of Things is growing, this advanced technology also has some potential security issues like malware and hackers. Whether a person uses a single device or a number of smart devices, they must also use reliable of IoT security solutions. Any safety measures used for single devices should be boosted to ensure the safety of IoT.

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Below you can find some tips to ensure the safety of the Internet of Things:

  1. Know what is connected

The first thing you have to do before securing your devices with any type of antivirus software, is that you have to understand what factors are subjected to attacks. One can have a number of connected devices at home apart from computers and smartphones. So, take a look on your home’s connected devices like media players, game consoles, smart TVs, smart refrigerators, and check what information the devices have access to.

  1. Protect all your devices and accounts with passwords

This is an important thing to do. You have to protect each and every smart device that you use through an internet based account with a password. While setting passwords for such devices make sure you choose a strong password that includes a combination of letters, symbols and numbers. Also, don’t use the same password for multiple accounts. This is because it is easy to hack all the devices with the same password.

  1. Don’t use insecure internet connections

Using an insecure internet connection is one of the major reasons for attacks on IoT devices. Some people use Wi-Fi connections for checking their smart devices remotely from their smartphone or tablet. This isn’t a secure way because the connection is not password protected. Such types of insecure connections may lead to unauthorized access to your devices and make them vulnerable to attacks. So, improve the security of your personal network by making strong passwords. Also, use strong passwords for your wi-fi connections and routers.

  1. Maintain your smartphone in a secure manner

Nowadays you can use of your smartphone to control or maintain all your smart devices via the internet. So, if you misplace or lose your smartphone, then there may be chances for hacking and potential threats to your personal information and smart devices. So protect your smartphone with powerful mobile security programs. They can track your mobile’s location, back up your data and remotely lock your phone and wipe the data in it in theft or loss cases. Protecting the phone with a password or PIN is also a good way to make sure potential thieves can’t access your data.

  1. Install a Firewall

This is a common step most of the people follow. Install a firewall in your device that can help prevent viruses, worms, and hackers from reaching your devices over the internet. The firewall does this by denying unauthorized access and traffic. Nowadays, most of the computer systems come with pre-installed firewall and if you need some extra protection install a firewall that provides more security to your devices.

FIFA 17 to apply the same recreation Engine as need for pace

The Ignite engine powers EA’s sports video games. it’s a proprietary collection of technologies aimed at making virtual displays of game get closer to the actual component, maximum appreciably with stellar consequences in the long-walking soccer sport collection, FIFA. however this might exchange with FIFA 17.

FIFA 17 to Use the Same Game Engine as Need for Speed: Report

in line with GameInformer, citing more than one resources within the business enterprise, EA is looking to shift from Ignite to the Frostbite engine, which has been evolved by using Battlefield studio dice. other than the Battlefield series, Frostbite powers a massive bite of EA’s video games. most extremely good of which encompass want for pace, Dragon Age: Inquisition, mirror’s side, and big name Wars Battlefront to call a few. furthermore, it may not just be FIFA 17 making the flow to Frostbite. in the future, other sports activities franchises like Madden NFL, NHL, and NBA live will transition to Frostbite.

“FIFA 17 isn’t the primary EA sports game to use Frostbite tech; 2015’s Rory McIlroy PGA excursion was constructed on the platform as well by means of EA Tiburon,” the publish on GameInformer reads. “at some stage in its press blitz for PGA excursion, EA touted the engine’s prowess in creating outdoor environments and slicing load instances between holes. The transition must additionally be aided by means of the fact that cube already included the ANT animation machine factor of the Ignite engine into Frostbite during the improvement of Battlefield three.”

thinking about how true games like need for velocity and big name Wars Battlefront regarded, particularly on a powerful enough computer, it could spell the end of shoddy computer variations of the world’s maximum popular soccer game. however it remains to look if FIFA 17 loses functions within the pass to Frostbite, what with improvement cycles for the collection being extremely brief and time sensitive.

FeaturesWindows Introduced BeforeAndroid andiOS

There are plethora of articles on the net with regard to the stunning features brought by Android and Apple. But when it comes to Windows, there’s hardly any spotlight on the features introduced by them first which later even got incorporated by Google and Apple. The reason is that Windows is not among the most popular operating systems in the world. However you might be surprised to know that the very same operating system launched some awesome features which were so useful thateven Apple and Google went on to adopting them. Here is a list of those very features:

Optical image stabilization

Once upon a time there used to be an era where optical image stabilization feature could only be found on camera and digital recorders. But that got ruled out when Nokia 920 was launched. Nokia 920 was actually a game-changer since it was the first smartphone in India to be equipped with OIS (Optical image stabilization). OIS helps in taking clear pictures even in low light conditions and reduce the blur motion rate.

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Liquid cooling

The Qualcomm Snapdragon 810 processor chip set is the most advanced processor. It offers faster processing, advanced connectivity options and also a lasting battery life. But the chipset is notorious as it has one major issue i.e. heating up the phone. With Android phones equipped with this chipset, it’s unavoidable to escape the heating issue. But not with a windows phone! When Nokia has to use the same chipset for Lumia 950XL, they decided to take hold of the grave matter. That’s how they came up with liquid cooling which prevent their smartphone from getting heated up! Check out fabulous windows phone online and do not forget to use Shopclues coupons to avail tempting Cashback offers.

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Glance screen

Does it not get irritating at times when you want to see the time and have to move your hands to turn on the display on your phone? I am sure it certainly is during those extreme lazy mode days. Nokia ruled even this limitation out when it launched Nokia Lumia 925. Known as glance screen and ambient display, this kind of screen offers time and notifications without you having to turn on the display. This feature was also first introduced by Nokia.

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Continuum

Continuum is among the signature features of Windows 10 phones. Thanks to this wonderful feature, the user interface will automatically adapt to the situation it is in. With Continuum, you can use your windows phone as a PC. This feature directly translates into a bigger productivity level. All you have to do is use an adaptor or dock to connect to a monitor or TV. You can then view your content on the big screen. You can even use a keyboard or mouse to derive more benefits out of this feature.

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IRIS recognition

Windows was the first one to make the IRIS recognition feature widely available to the public. This feature was integrated in phones Lumia 950XL and 950. With an iris scanner, users can unlock their phone without a password by using Windows Hello. Setting up IRIS recognition feature is not a complex task. You can set it up by following some easy steps. Even affordable Android based smartphones today come with a fingerprint scanner to up the security level. Make use of Paytm offers present on CashKaroto get discounts when purchasing such a smartphone for yourself.

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Nokia was also the first one to get offline maps in its smartphones! If you own a Windows phone, I am sure you must be feeling proud right now.

Indian scientists develop algorithm to prevent cybercrime

Indian scientists develop algorithm to prevent cybercrime
WASHINGTON: Indian researchers have developed a new keystroke algorithm that can use unique human typing patterns to make online authentication processes more secure, reliable and cheap.

The new method developed by researchers at the Department of Computer Science and Engineering, Jeppiaar Engineering College, Chennai, hopes to alleviate some of the common issues for internet users including loss of password, growing prowess of hackers, and easy access to methods such as phishing and usage of bots.

Like fingerprint scans, retina scans and facial recognition, keystroke dynamics are a biometric — they measure a unique human characteristic.

“As the typing pattern varies from person to person, this can be used as a suitable method for the authentication process more effective than others,” researchers J Visumathia and P Jesu Jayarin wrote in the Journal of Applied Security Research.

“The information needed for the process is using the various software systems already present in the computer, leading to a decrease in costs,” researchers said.

The new keystroke template algorithm combines measures from existing models to increase precision. To test their algorithm, the researchers built a programme that users could log into using passwords of varying length.

While entering their credentials, keystroke dynamics were recorded.

Results indicate that their algorithm was successful in decreasing login errors and making improper authentication very unlikely, thus advancing keystroke dynamics analysis as a viable e-security measure.

This method is especially appealing for its relative ease of implementation, as the information needed to evaluate human typing patterns is already present in computers, researchers said.

The researchers call for additional testing before the new algorithm can be used as a security measure.

“We concluded from the results presented that keystroke dynamics analysis holds big potential as an authentication method, but the methods used in the process have to be improved before it can be used as an independent security measure,” researchers said.

Can’t get your startup funded in Silicon Valley? Think Minnesota

To the tech entrepreneurs who’ve set up shop on the Silicon Prairie, there’s no better place to be.

Silicon Valley ideas get meshed with Midwestern values, resulting in a low-key and collaborative community of startups in Minnesota that stands in sharp contrast to the in-your-face, cutthroat lifestyle in California.

Entrepreneurs are also convinced they have a better chance to get funding because there are fewer businesses to compete with for investors. The number of tech startups in the North Star State has doubled in the past five years, to more than 500, with venture capitalists investing almost $600 million in 2014 in companies 5 years old or younger.

Minnesota ranked 20th in the country last year in receiving venture funding for those types of startups, according to research firm PitchBook. The state trails Oregon, Utah and Arizona by mere percentage points. California is ranked No. 1.

Many early startups in Minnesota work out of COCO, a popular tech hub in Minneapolis known for its collaborative atmosphere.COCO

“We’re definitely not Silicon Valley,” said Tom Kieffer, CEO of Virteva, a suburban Minneapolis-based IT consulting firm. “You can get a deal done here.”

Startups occupy old warehouses and historic buildings across Minneapolis, neighboring St. Paul and office parks throughout the state. Many are early-stage companies making medical and health care software. They revolve around the area’s big businesses, including the Mayo Clinic, medical instruments company Medtronic and a subsidiary of UnitedHealthGroup, the nation’s largest health insurer.

But new kinds of businesses spring up every day. Matt Ronge and Giovanni Donelli, two engineers who met at Apple, launched Astropad, software that turns iPhones and iPads into graphics tablets for drawing, painting and photo retouching. Their 7-month-old startup, Astro HQ, just won a contest seeking Minnesota’s newest and most innovative creations.

Clay Collins, whose 2-year-old LeadPages software company helps businesses find new customers, says he’s received nearly $40 million in venture capital funding — all without Valley backing.

“I’ve lived in both California and Minnesota and have found it easier to raise funds here,” Collins said.

The North Star State’s evolving tech

When people think of Minnesota, they may think of frigid winters, the massive Mall of America or all that water — the state is also known as the Land of 10,000 Lakes. Many Fortune 500 companies, including Target, Best Buy, 3M and General Mills, are headquartered in Minnesota, and the state is also home to longtime “Medical Alley” tech companies including Boston Scientific and St. Jude Medical. The biggest tech company is Optum, a data services subsidiary of UnitedHealthGroup.

Less well known is its role in hosting next-generation tech firms like Code42, which specializes in cloud-software backup, andJAMF, a software developer for Apple products. There’s a growing list of successful startups, including LeadPages; Learn to Live, which offers online programs to help people deal with social anxiety; Sport Ngin (pronounced “engine”), which makes software for sports league websites, and education-video-sharing startup Vidku, which was launched at the University of Minnesota and raised $17 million in 17 days earlier this year.

This week, Minnesota startup founders pitched their businesses to investors during Twin Cities Startup Week. Workshop topics varied from increasing the number of women and minority tech entrepreneurs to “Don’t F*** Up Your Startup: Some Lessons to Avoid Legal Headaches.”

The startup event also hosted the MN Cup, one of the largest statewide venture competitions in the country. Astro HQ, a finalist in the high-tech category, won the $50,000 grand prize for Astropad. About 65,000 people have downloaded the app, said Ronge, and the company is currently working on updating the app for the soon-to-be-released Apple iPad Pro.

Astro HQ believes that with its current staff of four, those dollars will stretch further in Minnesota than in other, more prominent tech locales. “We’re a profitable company now. We couldn’t say that if we were based in the Bay Area or the Valley. It would be really tough,” Ronge said. “We’ll be able to grow our business faster here.”

Some of COCO’s more than 1,000 members, juggling devices and wrangling code.COCO

There were a record 115 startup deals in Minnesota totaling $577.82 million last year, and the state is on pace to surpass those figures in 2015, said Alex Lykken, a senior financial reporter at PitchBook. Nearly half the deals were related to health care, followed by information technology. Comparatively, Silicon Valley had over 2,300 startup deals — more than half were information technology-based — at $28.45 billion, PitchBook reports.

Lykken acknowledges that Minnesota is unlikely to have the influence the Valley has. But its low-key approach and local values offer a different model for startup success.

“Places like Minnesota have got it right,” Lykken said. “There’s room for growth for local investors.”

Part of that success can be seen at COCO, a popular tech hub whose name is short for “Co-working and Collaborative.” Dozens of startups are nestled inside the Minnesota Grain Exchange, a historic landmark in downtown Minneapolis. Engineers and designers run around working on a project for one startup and then rush to participate with another startup.

The hub’s space isn’t all that different from the brainstorming centers you’d find in Silicon Valley. The room is filled with whiteboards, soft sofas, open-space workstations and bicycles. Coffee is free.

The Grain Exchange’s old electronic trading board remains in use, after some members hacked it. Instead of commodity pricing, the board now features the latest tweets from COCO members, a Google calendar of upcoming events, and the titles of Spotify-streamed songs piping through overhead speakers.

“This was the temple for the old economy,” said COCO co-founder Kyle Coolbroth. Similarly, COCO’s 1,000 members “want to belong somewhere with like minds going on similar journeys.”

A COCO member gets in the swing of things.COCO

COCO has even caught Silicon Valley’s eye. While in town to give a talk, Google Executive Chairman Eric Schmidt took notice of COCO’s buzzy workspace and made the hub a partner in the Google for Entrepreneurs network. It’s one of nine such tech hubs in North America.

COCO’s popular downtown space also prompted the Minnesota High Tech Association, (MHTA), a trade-advocacy group for about 250 tech organizations, to relocate from its suburban headquarters to be closer to the entrepreneurs they support. COCO has since expanded to three other locations across Minneapolis and St. Paul.

Incentives and support

The evolving scene comes as no surprise to MHTA chief executive Margaret Anderson Kelliher. Her organization wants Minnesota to be a top-five technology state. The state currently ranks between 6th and 13th, based on various surveys, the organization said.

Anderson Kelliher says the MN Cup, the competition Astropad won, has helped many startups through lean times. More than 9,000 Minnesotans have participated in the competition since it began in 2005 to help startups that generate less than $1 million in annual funds.

Cup finalists have raised almost $170 million in funds for their companies, according to Anderson Kelliher. “The Cup has helped many startups get through the growth cycle with investments,” she said, “so they can stay here as well as help put Minnesota on the map.”

Minnesota also has an Angel Tax Credit program, which offers investors a 25 percent tax credit on money they put into startups less than 10 years old. Minnesota’s tax credit is on par with those of about 10 other states, said Marianne Hudson, executive director of the Angel Capital Association, a nonprofit collective of angel investors. Two states, Oregon and Maine, offer more than 50 percent in angel tax credits to spur investment, she said.

More than half of the $16 million in Minnesota’s angel tax credits for 2015 has already been allocated, according to state officials. The remaining amount is being reserved to encourage investing in women- and minority-owned startups through the end of September.

Still, some startup owners in Minnesota wonder if there’s enough support. A spirited online debate recently took place on the popular local website tech.mn, about whether local startups could become successful. Many entrepreneurs complained about a lack of investors. Some even questioned whether they should cut their losses and go elsewhere — maybe even to Silicon Valley?

Collins of LeadPages doesn’t buy it.

“If you don’t like it here, please move to San Francisco so all your imagined excuses for failure can be taken off the table,” he told the group. “If you’ve got traction, it doesn’t matter where in the United States you are, investors will find you.”

Ties that bind

SmartThings, a Minneapolis startup that makes smart-home controllers, was acquired by Samsung for a reported $200 million last year. SmartThings’ technology helps consumers control their appliances with their smartphones, smartwatches and other Internet-connected devices. The acquisition has been viewed as key to Samsung’s efforts around the Internet of Things, the idea that sensors can collect data on anything and share that info over the Web.

Though SmartThings moved a bulk of its operations to Silicon Valley, a development team remains in Minneapolis.

The ties that bind are hard to break.

“Everyone here is just a couple generations off the farm,” said Elwin Loomis, a software engineer director at Target who’s worked in the Minnesota tech scene for nearly three decades. “There’s a real down-to-earthiness feel here that I really like.”

With strong local ties and an expanded reach to investors nationwide, a lot of Minnesota tech companies say they aren’t interested in leaving the state.

Many of Minneapolis-based Code42’s employees worried that the cloud-software company, which counts Uber and Expedia among its clients, would move after investors poured $52.5 million into it three years ago, according to co-founder Mitch Coopet.

“We were very clear that we wanted to stay right here,” Coopet recalled. “We didn’t want to leave the Twin Cities.”

Google’s Self Driving Car Project Gets A New CEO

Self driving cars

Google has announced the appointment of a new CEO for its self driving car project, former Hyundai CEO John Krafcik will take over as the CEO of Google’s project.

Chris Urmson who was previously the head of the project will continue as the head of technical development.

“This is a great opportunity to help Google develop the enormous potential of self-driving cars,” Mr. Krafcik said in an emailed statement from Google. “This technology can save thousands of lives, give millions of people greater mobility and free us from a lot of the things we find frustrating about driving today. I can’t wait to get started.”

The new appointment is part of Google’s restructuring under their new parent company Alphabet, which has been done to separate projects like their self driving cars and other projects from their main business.

It will be interesting to see how the company’s new CEO will be able to develop the company and the project from a prototype into a car that is being used by people every day.

Google have been working on their autonomous vehicles for the last few years, there are also an number of other companies, including car makers working on similar projects.

Samsung Gear S2 and Gear S2 Classic is Up for Pre-orders in Canada

Gear S2

Samsung announced its round Gear S2 and Gear S2 Classic smartwatch earlier this month at IFA 2015 in Berlin, Germany.

Canadian residents, if you’re thinking about getting your hands on the Samsung Gear S2 or the Gear S2 Classic, you’ll be glad to find out that Best Buy Canada is now taking pre-orders of the smartwatches.

The simple Gear S2 is going to set you back by CAD 400 ($301) while the Gear S2 Classic carries a CAD 430 price tag. The retailer expects to ship the pre-orders of both smartwatches from October 2nd, which isn’t too far off.

As far as the specifications are concerned, the Gear S2 features a 1.2-inch circular Super AMOLED display with a resolution of 360 x 360 pixels with a 302 ppi pixel density, a 1GHz dual-core Exynos processor, 512MB of RAM, 4GB internal storage, a 250 mAh battery and ships with Tizen as its operating system out of the box. Other features include IP68 certification making the device dust and water-resistant, Bluetooth 4.1, WiFi and NFC connectivity.

Let us know if you’re planning to, or already pre-ordered, the Samsung Gear S2 or S2 Classic smartwatch.

Origin of Saturn’s F Ring and Its Shepherd Satellites Revealed: Study

Japanese researchers have revealed that Saturn’s F ring and its shepherd satellites are natural outcome of the final stage of formation of Saturn’s satellite system.

According to the latest satellite formation theory, Saturn used to have ancient rings containing many more particles than they do today, and satellites formed from spreading and accretion of these particles.

During the final stage of satellite formation, multiple small satellites tend to form near the outer edge of the ring.

In their simulations using in part computer systems at the National Astronomical Observatory of Japan, professor Ohtsuki Keiji and student Hyodo Ryuki from Kobe University revealed that the F ring and its shepherd satellites formed as these small satellites with a dense core collided and partially disintegrated.

In other words, the system of the F ring and its shepherd satellites is a natural outcome of the formation process of Saturn’s ring-satellite system.

“As plans are underway in and outside of Japan to explore the satellite system of Jupiter and the satellites of Mars, we will continue to unravel the origin of satellite systems, which is key to understanding the formation process of planetary systems,” Ohtsuki said.

The F ring is very narrow with a width of only a few hundred km and has two shepherd satellites called Prometheus and Pandora, which orbit inside and outside the ring, respectively.

Although the Voyager and Cassini spacecraft later made detailed observations of the F ring and its shepherd satellites, their origin has not been clarified till now.

Saturn, which is the second largest planet in our solar system, is known to have multiple rings and satellites.

This new finding is expected to help elucidate the formation of satellite systems both within and outside our solar system.

The paper was published online in the journal Nature Geoscience.

Surgical Robots to Become Ubiquitous in Indian Hospitals: Intuitive Surgical

Days are not far off when surgical robots will become a normal feature in hospitals for procedures like MRI scans, a senior official of Intuitive Surgical Inc said on Sunday.

The US-based Intuitive Surgical makes surgical robots that enable minimally invasive surgeries with its da Vinci surgical systems.

The primary surgical domains are urology, gynaecology, general surgery and cardiothoracic.

“In India we are in infancy in the technology adoption curve. Today a hospital without a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan machine is considered as a clinic,” Jeroen M.M. van Heesewijk, senior vice president, Asia Pacific and Global Distribution, told IANS over phone from Kochi.

“Offering robotic surgeries will also give a boost to the countries medical tourism sector,” Mahendra Bhandari, CEO, Vattikuti Foundation, told IANS over phone.

Both were at Kochi to attend a two-day seminar on robotic surgery organised by Vattikuti Foundation.

According to van Heesewijk, India, China and Brazil are important markets for Intuitive Surgical.

A total of 26 da Vinci systems are in operation in India at various hospitals.

In India, Vattikuti Technologies is sole distributor and van Heesewijk said the company is not planning to go direct-selling directly to hospitals in India.

Van Heesewijk welcomed the tie-up between Google Inc. and Johnson & Johnson to work in the field of surgical robotics.

According to him, the fact that two global players with deep pockets getting into robotics is a clear indication that robotic surgery segment will get a big boost.

Meanwhile, the Vattikuti Foundation is planning to increase the number of surgeons trained on robotic surgical systems to 300.

“Presently, there are 147 surgeons trained in robotic surgeries in India. They do 300-400 robotic surgeries. Our target is to increase the surgeons trained in robotic surgeries to 300 by 2020,” Bhandari said.

According to him, when the foundation was started in 2009-10 there were only five or six surgeons trained to carry out robotic surgeries.

Queried whether the foundation would train surgeons only on da Vinci systems distributed in India, he said: “Intuitive Surgical is the market leader.”

Bhandari said once a surgeon is trained, training him in other systems is not a big issue.

On the advantages of robotic surgeries, he said the incision will be small and the loss of blood will be very minimal.

He said the recovery of the patient is faster and the post-operative pain will also be less.

According to Bhandari, robotic procedures in India that cover a wide spectrum of procedures – cardiac, urology, general surgery, thoracic, gynaecology, head and neck, vascular and paediatrics – are expected to cross the 6,000 procedures mark in 2015.

Russian Cosmonaut Gennady Padalka Back After Record 879 Days in Space

Russian cosmonaut Gennady Padalka returned safely to Earth with two other astronauts from theInternational Space Station Saturday with the record for having spent the most time in space.

Padalka who has spent a total of 879 days in space over five separate trips touched ground on the barren Kazakh steppe on schedule at 0051 GMT along with Kazakh cosmonaut Aidyn Aimbetov and Danish astronaut Andreas Mogensen.

“Landing has taken place,” a spokesman for Russia’s space agency Roscosmos told AFP. “All is well.”

Padalka led the 44th expedition at the ISS, breaking a 10-year-old record for the total number of days spent in the cosmos on June 28 when he surpassed the figure of 803 days, nine hours and 41 minutes achieved by Sergei Krikalev, another Russian.

His most recent mission began on March 27 when he blasted off from the Baikonur cosmodrome with compatriot Mikhail Kornienko and American Scott Kelly.

Mogensen, the first Dane in Space and Aimbetov, the third cosmonaut from his country, had a comparatively short stay at the ISS having entered space in the Soyuz TMA-18M on September 2 and docking two days later on September 4.

“I feel fine,” said Padalka as he sat sipping tea and nibbling on an apple surrounded by Russian space officials following his historic re-entry.

“Now you need to live on earth for a little bit,” joked Talgat Musabayev head of the Kazakh space agency Kazcosmos and a veteran of three space flights.

Padalka made four trips to ISS in total.

His first ever journey into space was to visit Russia’s Mir space station in 1998.

The Mir visit was matched in duration only by his second visit to ISS in 2009, with both lasting 199 days.

He is the only person to command the ISS four times.

The three-man crew completed a “perfect” de-orbit burn to re-enter the earth’s atmosphere at just after 00.00 GMT according to Nasa television before a “bullseye landing” roughly 146 kilometers (90 miles) southeast of the Kazakh settlement of Dzhezkazgan less than an hour later.

“That’s it guys you can relax now” Padalka said to his crew as the landing approached.

The trio are being taken to the airport in the Kazakhstani capital of Astana where they will be received by Kazakh President Nursultan Nazarbayev.

Space travel has been one of the few areas of international cooperation between Russia and the West that has not been completely destroyed by the Ukraine crisis.

But the joint space program has still faced difficulties this year.

Russia put the breaks on all space travel for almost 3 months after the failure of the unmanned Progress freighter in late April.

The doomed ship lost contact with Earth and burned up in the atmosphere, forcing a group of astronauts to spend an extra month on the ISS.

In May, another Russian spacecraft, a Proton-M rocket carrying a Mexican satellite, malfunctioned and crashed in Siberia soon after its launch.

The roughly $150 billion (roughly Rs. 9,93,637 crores) ISS has been orbiting the earth at roughly 28,000 kilometres per hour since 1998.