Androgen is a hormone that is associated with male sex hormones like testosterone. Androgens are male hormones and are produced in the testes, ovaries and adrenal glands Androgens are fat molecules, often referred to as a testoid; androgens stimulate, promote and maintain the male sex characteristics. Testosterone is the primary androgen of the greatest importance. There are several androgen based steroids available in the market but all of them can be categorised on the basis of the two major types: anabolic and androgenic hormones.
Anabolic hormones are those that stimulate growth in tissues, especially bone and muscle. Anabolic effects also include increased production of red blood cells.
Several androgen based steroids may be used for treating various hormonal problems in men. Androgens are of many types and depending on the sex, with potency and importance of each varying depending on the form. Normally, it exists in the form of cholesterol Testosterone and Dihydrotestosterone (DHT) are the two primary androgens types.
Androgenic hormones include the male sex hormone testosterone and dihydrotestosterone, and other sex hormones. They stimulate the development of male sexual characteristics (such as deepening of voice and growth of beard) and development of male sex organs.
It is the production of androgens that largely influence our sexual development and regulate our sex drive; at the point of puberty ,androgenic hormones that promote the deepening of voice as well as body and facial hair-growth. Androgens largely regulate growth. In simple terms the greater androgenic presence the greater growth in muscular structure there will be; Androgen is the primary growth hormone. It also affect the manner in-which body-fat is stored; men typically have less body-fat than women and as such much of this is due to the higher androgenic effect on fat deposit in men.
Androgens and anabolic steroids are used to treat delayed puberty in adolescent boys, hypogonadism and impotence in men, and to treat breast cancer in women. They are also used to treat anaemia, osteoporosis, weight loss and other conditions with hormonal imbalance. Some medical problems where androgen hormone can be used in treatment are as follows:
- Alcoholic Liver Damage
- Chronic Renal Failure
- Breast Cancer
- Delayed Puberty in Male
- Gender Dysphoria
- Hereditary Angioedema
- Male Hypogonadism
- Klinefelter Syndrome
- Turner’s Syndrome
- Weight Loss
Androgenic hormones are synthetic derivatives of the male hormone testosterone. There effects on the human body may be beneficial for athletic performance; the short-term use of these medicines by athletes is capable of increase in strength and bodyweight. Strength gains of upto 20% of the initial strength and increase in bodyweight that may be attributed to an increase of the lean body mass. The main after effects of short- and long-term use of androgenic hormone is that male athletes often report of an increased sexual drive, the occurrence of acne vulgaris, increase in body hair and increment of aggressive behaviour.